Issue 1 / 2020

Article: Comparison of functional properties of woven and knitted denim fabrics

Authors: HAFSA JAMSHAID, ABDUL WAQAR RAJPUT, BILAL ZAHID, NORINA ASFAND, SIKANDER ABBAS BASRA, AMER ALI
Pages: 3-7
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.01.1604
Published online: February 2020

Abstract

The study was aimed to develop a knitted denim fabric and investigate its properties. The said fabric has similar visual appearance to the woven denim fabric, offering additional stretch properties. The twill effect was produced on circular knitting machine using cross terry structures. Woven denim fabric was also produced to compare its properties with knitted denim. The Physical and comfort properties of these fabrics like air permeability, thermal resistance and moisture management, were investigated. Experimental investigation of serviceability i.e Pilling was also carried out. The purpose of study is to compare both woven and knitted denim fabric properties.
Keywords: woven denim, knitted denim, twill, comfort properties, physical properties, pilling

Citation: Jamshaid, H., Rajput, A.W., Zahid, B., Asfand, N., Basra, S.A., Ali, A., Comparison of functional properties of woven and knitted denim fabrics, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 1, 3–7,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.01.1604

Full text PDF
Export citation and abstract       BibTeX     RIS

Article: A comparison between Chinese finger trap and Roman sandals suture in peritoneal dialysis catheters for chronic kidney disease applied in veterinary medicine

Authors: BOGDAN ALEXANDRU VIȚĂLARU, MĂDĂLIN ION RUSU, CARMEN MIHAI, ALEXANDRU CHIOTOROIU
Pages 8-11 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.01.1722
Published online: February 2020

Abstract

Catheters designed for chronic peritoneal dialysis have Dacron cuffs meant to protect the patient against bacterial infection and catheter migration that may lead to a high peritonitis rate in case of extensive use. Peritoneal catheter is fixed by suturing the skin with a non-absorbable monofilament thread ranging from 4/0 to 2/0. The two types of sutures most commonly used are Roman sandal and Chinese fingertrap. In this study we selected 44 dogs, both males and females with CKD (Chronic Kidney Disease) undergoing peritoneal dialysis. We have created two groups: first group (A) of 22 patients were treated using a peritoneal catheter for chronic treatment, with Roman sandal suture and the second group of 22 patients (B) were treated using a peritoneal catheter for chronic treatment, with Chinese fingertrap suture. All patients from group A kept the catheters until the end of the treatment (22 out of 22, 100%). Eight out of 14 patients (36.36%) from group B needed secondary suture. Four out of the eight patients (18.18%) form the group B needed secondary suturing because of the suture weakening. Three out of the eight patients (13.63%) form the group B needed secondary suturing of the catheter because of the skin rupture at the initial placement spot of the suture. One of the eight patients (4.54%) form the group B needed secondary suturing of the catheter because of the catheter replacement, due to the weakening of the suture and its lack of resistance to the aggression manifested by the patients.
Keywords: peritoneal, dialysis, catheter, suture, polypropylene, veterinary

Citation: Vițălaru, B.A., Rusu, M.I., Mihai, C., Chiotoroiu, A., A comparison between Chinese finger trap and Roman sandals suture in peritoneal dialysis catheters for chronic kidney disease applied, in veterinary medicine, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 1, 8–11,    http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.01.1722

Full text PDF
Export citation and abstract       BibTeX     RIS

Article: Field research and methodologies for textile industry innovation in the context of European economy

Authors: RALUCA MARIA AILENI, LAURA CHIRIAC, LILIOARA SURDU, RAZVAN ION RADULESCU
Pages 12-16 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.01.1623
Published online: February 2020

Abstract

This paper presents several aspects concerning the field and desk research based on the methodologies in the context of the European economy. Also, this work presents brief aspects about innovation, fundamental, applied research and needs of training in the textile sector for managers, students, assistant managers and experts from Romania. A survey-based on questionnaires and statistical analysis was performed, in order to achieve the landscape of training needs in the area of the Bucharest region.
Keywords: textile, field research, methodology, economy, innovation

Citation: Aileni, R.M., Chiriac, L., Surdu, L., Radulescu, R.I., Field research and methodologies for textile industry innovation in the context of European economy, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 1, 12–16,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.01.1623


Full text PDF
Export citation and abstract       BibTeX     RIS

Article: Development of an inexpensive functional textile product by applying accounting cost benefit analysis

Authors: SOBIA NASEEM, GAO LEI FU, MUHAMAD MOHSIN, MUHAMMAD SOHAIL AUNJAM, MUHAMMAD ZEESHAN RAFIQ, KHAILD JAMIL, SHAZIA SALAMAT
Pages 17-22 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.01.1692
Published online: February 2020

Abstract

This research is to utilize accounting cost benefit analysis for manufacturing of economically cost-effective cut resistant gloves knitted from core spun yarns made up of nylon and polyester with E-glass as core. E-glass has a significant impact on the cut resistance and abrasion resistance of the gloves. The gloves are knitted by using core spun yarns, and tested for their physical, cut & abrasion resistant properties. Economic characteristics of final product are critically observed and analysed through cost benefit analysis. Results elaborate that Polyester/E-glass hand gloves have special mechanical properties like Abrasion resistance and Blade cut resistance. Instead, Nylon/E-glass hand gloves have good air permeability. Cost benefit analysis reveal that the outcomes are comparable to functional requirements within low cost.
Keywords: cost benefit analysis, gloves cut resistance, abrasion resistance, core spun yarn

Citation: Naseem, S., Fu, G.L., Mohsin, M., Aunjam, M.S., Rafiq, M.Z., Jamil, K., Salamat, S., Development of an inexpensive functional textile product by applying accounting cost benefit analysis, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 1, 17–22,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.01.1692

Full text PDF
Export citation and abstract       BibTeX     RIS

Article: Simulation and characterization of circular hexagonal braiding fabric structure

Authors: LI ZHENGNING, LYU HAICHEN, CHEN GE, KO FRANK
Pages 23-27 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.01.1631
Published online: February 2020

Abstract

Hexagonal braiding technology is a kind of state-of-the-art braiding method, which uses hexagonal horngears to drive yarn carriers and make yarns intertwined into fabrics. In terms of hexagonal braiding principles, the braiding parameters like initial arrangement of yarn carriers, yarn number and horngears sequence were defined, and then the movement paths of yarn carriers in hexagonal braiding process and stitch length were obtained, which could be converted into coordinates on the xoy plane and the coordinates along z-axis. In that case, a group of spatial coordinates were got to create the yarn trajectories and fabric structures in Matlab. And then, B-spline curve was utilized to fit the yarn trajectories. Considering the compactness of hexagonal fabric, the coordinates conversion algorithm and conversion matrix were utilized to optimize the fabric structure, so a more compact fabric structure was established. The braiding angle variation and volume fraction of fabric showed that after coordinates conversion the braiding angles became more stable than original fabric model, and the fiber volume fraction of fabric was improved too. So the fabric structure model was available to describe hexagonal fabric structure, which can offer the reference for the further study on properties of hexagonal braiding technology and application of hexagonal braided fabric.
Keywords: Matlab simulation, coordinates conversion, algorithm, braiding angle, volume fraction

Citation: Zhengning, L., Haichen, L., Ge, C., Frank, K., Simulation and characterization of circular hexagonal braiding fabric structure, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 1, 23–27,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.01.1631

Full text PDF
Export citation and abstract       BibTeX     RIS

Article: Tactile design of manipulator fingers based on fingertip/textile friction-induced vibration stimulations

Authors: YANHUI LIU, GUOQING ZHU, ZHENGQIN LIU, XINYI HU, RUITAO JIANG
Pages 28-32 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.01.1354
Published online: February 2020

Abstract

Textile-like soft and flexible products are widely used in our daily life. Understanding the relationship between the tactile sensations of textiles and the tactile stimuli is essential for developing humanoid robot’s finger haptic system, especially for certain kind of robot systems such as service robots and exploratory robots. This paper built a frequency space that can qualitatively represent a roughness sensation of textiles by a developing independently random match algorithm in combination with neurophysiological features of cutaneous mechanoreceptors. The experimental results show that the sum of amplitude in frequency range between 18 and 118 Hz can effectively describe the roughness sensory of textile with accuracies of 98.5%. In other words, by applying the sum of amplitude in frequency range between 18 and 118 Hz could successfully match roughness sensation of textiles, and it will help engineer of humanoid robot design manipulator finger haptic system in textile field.
Keywords: vibration, frequency space, roughness sensation, textile

Citation: Liu, Y., Zhu, G., Liu, Z., Hu, X., Jiang, R., Tactile design of manipulator fingers based on fingertip/textile friction-induced vibration stimulations, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 1, 28–32,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.01.1354

Full text PDF
Export citation and abstract       BibTeX     RIS

Article: Water footprint calculation and assessment of viscose textile

Authors: JUXIANG ZHU, YIDUO YANG, YI LI, PINGHUA XU, LAILI WANG
Pages 37-41 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.01.1642
Published online: February 2020

Abstract

Water footprint is used as an indicator to quantify the impacts on water resource and water environment. Based on water footprint standards established by the International Standardization Organization (ISO), this paper proposed a new quantitative indicator for water alkalization, and calculated the water footprints involved in viscose textile production. In addition, water footprint accounting results were comprehensively evaluated by LCA polygon method which was developed to interpret LCA results. Results showed that: (1) water scarcity footprint of viscose textile production was 60.511 m3 H2O eq/ton, of which 85.71% was from the viscose fiber production; (2) water eutrophication footprint of viscose textile production was 12.439 kg PO43– eq/ton, the major contribution (84.37%) was given by COD and BOD5; (3) water acidification footprint and water alkaline footprint of viscose textile production were 81.453 kg SO2 eq/ton and 55.675 kg OH eq/ton, mainly due to H2SO4 and NaOH input during the spinning process, respectively; (4) water ecotoxicity footprint of viscose textile production was 3828.169 km3 H2O eq/ton, mainly derived from Zn2+ in spinning wastewater; (5) LCA polygon analyses showed that environmental load in the spinning was the largest, followed by the pulping and then the dyeing.
Keywords: viscose textile, water footprint, LCA polygon, calculation and assessment

Citation: Zhu, J., Yang, Y., Li, Y., Xu, P., Wang, L., Water footprint calculation and assessment of viscose textile, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 1, 33–40,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.01.1642

Full text PDF
Export citation and abstract       BibTeX     RIS

Article: Investigation of the technical and physical properties of metal composite 1x1 rib knitted fabrics

Author: ÖZKAN İLKAN
Pages 41-49 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.01.1693
Published online: February 2020

Abstract

In this study, it was aimed to determine electromagnetic shielding effectiveness, antibacterial activity, surface resistivity and bending rigidity properties of 1×1 rib knitted fabrics. For this purpose, copper (Cu), stainless steel (SS) and silver (Ag) wires were commingled with two nylon filaments to produce metal composite yarns. 1×1 rib fabrics were produced by these composite yarns. Electromagnetic shielding effectiveness (EMSE), antibacterial activity, surface resistivity and bending rigidity of the composite knits were measured. Electromagnetic shielding measurements of samples were conducted between 1.0–5.0 GHz frequency. Antibacterial activity test was applied according to AATCC 100 standard against K. pneumoniae and S. aureus bacteria. Results showed that knitted fabrics generally have lower SE values than 10 dB at wale direction. The double layer samples provide higher EMSE than single layer samples for all metal types. Maximum EMSE value was obtained as 57.12 dB. The use of metal wire significantly reduced surface resistivity of knitted fabrics. Copper composite knitted fabrics showed 99 % antibacterial activity against both bacterial species. When compared to the control sample, the use of metal wire significantly increased the rigidity of the samples.
Keywords: composite yarns, composite fabric, knitted fabric, physical properties, technical properties

Citation: İlkan, Ö., Investigation of the technical and physical properties of metal composite 1×1 rib knitted fabrics, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 1, 41–49,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.01.1693

Full text PDF
Export citation and abstract       BibTeX     RIS

Article: Innovative concept for personalized pattern design of safety equipment

Authors: OLARU SABINA, POPESCU GEORGETA, ANASTASIU ANCA, MIHĂILĂ GABRIEL, SĂLIȘTEAN ADRIAN
Pages 50-54 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.01.1620
Published online: February 2020

Abstract

The competitive pressure of globalization is causing textile and garment manufacturers to lower production costs, increase their efficiency and to create leaner value-adding processes. To be able to cope with these changes, measures must be implemented, including the improvement of the internal organization, and the establishment of co-operations with external organizations to create a continuous supply-demand network. The current paper presents the innovative concept for personalized pattern design of safety equipment applied within SC MATEI CONF GRUP SRL, highlighting the importance of personalization and its competitive advantages, from the idea to the prototype or product and testing it. The research implementation used 3D body scanning for analysis and determination of anthropometric measurements and conformation, 3D CAD technology for automatic rapid design of patterns in Made to Measure system, modelling and simulation of product in the virtual environment on customized mannequin highlighting the body-product correspondence.
Keywords: innovation, safety equipment, 3D body scanning, virtual simulation

Citation: Olaru S., Popescu, G., Anastasiu, A., Mihăilă, G., Săliștean, A., Innovative concept for personalized pattern design of safety equipment, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 1, 50–54,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.01.1620

Full text PDF
Export citation and abstract       BibTeX     RIS

Article: Comparison of silk fabric dynamic drapability and correlation analysis of impact factors

Authors: XINRONG HU, TAO PENG, JUNPING LIU, GANG LI, SHUQIN CUI, JUNJIE ZHANG, RUHAN HE, MIN LI, JIA CHEN
Pages 55-61 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.01.1536
Published online: February 2020

Abstract

Drapability is the unique performance that allows the fabric to be bent in multiple directions. Silk fabric has well hand feeling and draping property, it is suitable for studying the dynamic drape performance of fabric. In this paper, we select 15 different samples of silk fabrics to measure its structural characteristics, mechanical properties and drape characteristics for studying the impact factors of dynamic draping property about silk fabric. A correlation analysis is made with the measured fabric parameters to get the factors sequence which mainly affects the dynamic draping property of fabric. Experimental result shows that the draping property of silk fabric is affected by many performance parameters, however, the latitudinal tensile is the biggest impact factor among all these parameters.
Keywords: dynamic drape; correlation analysis; silk; impact factor; fabric performance parameters

Citation: Hu, X., Peng, T., Liu, J., Li, G., Cui, S., Zhang, J., He, R., Li, M., Chen, J., Comparison of silk fabric dynamic drapability and correlation analysis of impact factors, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 1, 55–61,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.01.1536

Full text PDF
Export citation and abstract       BibTeX     RIS

Article: Stress studies for clothing companies applying the social relationship of companies

Authors: SEJRI NEJIB, BOUSSAADOUN SLIM, FAOUZI SAKLY, GHAZI ELBICHE
Pages 62-67 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.01.1656
Published online: February 2020

Abstract

Mental health is a major component of human health in the workplace. The phenomenon of stress felt by workers in Europe is in the order of 22%. A study conducted by the Higher Institute of Work and Health (ISST) (2007–2009), showed that the stress in Tunisia was in the order of 17%. In France the stress is 12.6% and in the United States of America (USA) is in the order of 12%. In this context, the aim of this study is to use the Karazek method and the stratified sampling method to evaluate the psychosocial (PSR) and psycho-organizational risks of Tunisian staff in northern Tunisia within a grou. of 4 companies applying the method (CSR) social relationship of companies to the clothing sector and their prevalence in the sections studied. The overall average total percentage of stress at work (JOB strain) that we found is 15.4% which were distributed in 7 sections of which those with significant percentages are: the ironing which is in the order 4.8% of the Stressed population and represents 31.16% of the overall stress of the same section, the preparation accounts 3.6% of the population and 23.37% of the global stress. In order to the well-being at work, to fight against the occupational diseases, the demotivation, brain drain, the bad process of the recruitments, the sources of nonperformance, the errors of forgetfulness, the defects and the organizational attempts to reduce the percentage of stress and to bring appropriate solutions.
Keywords: mental health, Karazek, PSR, psycho-organizational, CSR, motivation

Citation: Nejib, S., Slim, B., Sakly, F., Elbiche, G., Stress studies for clothing companies applying the social relationship of companies, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 1, 62–67,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.01.1656

Full text PDF
Export citation and abstract       BibTeX     RIS

Article: A dedicated wearable device integrated in textiles

Authors: MONICA LEBA, ANDREEA CRISTINA IONICĂ, MARIUS NICOLAE RÎȘTEIU
Pages 68-72 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.01.1541
Published online: February 2020

Abstract

The wearable devices have a big role in increasing the quality of life that should take into account also the persons with disabilities. Our research focuses on a certain category of persons with disabilities, namely those with visual impairments. Thus, once again the technological progress must be capitalized in favour of the less fortunate. We propose an original device easy to use and integrate into any textile product. The device contains a microcontroller, sensors and actuators. The sensors collect information from the outside world and provide a “picture” of it by means of tactile and acoustic actuators. The research opens the possibility of designing of fabrics using nanotechnology to have sensors and actuators directly into the fabric.
Keywords: model, quality of life, simulation, ultrasonic sensor, visually impaired

Citation: Leba, M., Ionică, A.C., Rîșteiu, M.N., A dedicated wearable device integrated in textiles, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 1, 68–72,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.01.1541

Full text PDF
Export citation and abstract       BibTeX     RIS

Article: Perspectives regarding the organizational culture within the Romanian textile industry

Authors: MARIAN NĂSTASE, SORIN BURLACU, COSMIN MATIS, NICOLETA CRISTACHE, ALEXANDRU ROJA, LAURENȚIU COROBAN, IOAN CRISTESCU
Pages 73-80 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.01.1778
Published online: February 2020

Abstract

The present paper proposes to determine the types of organizational cultures that exist within the Romanian textile industry, starting off from Handy’s typology according to which there are four types of cultures, respectively the Task Types, the Power Types, the Role Types and the Person Type. In this sense, we have conducted an empirical study made up of two questionnaires, the first regarding the organizational culture within the Romanian textile industry – from the point of view of employees without leadership positions, and the second regarding the organizational culture within the Romanian textile industry – from the managerial point of view. Interviews were conducted on employees and managers from local companies, by using direct questions, with multiple choice answers, with the purpose of ensuring transparency and objectivity when processing and analyzing the data. The database of this study contains 110 completed and validated questionnaires, divided into the two respondent categories: employees in leadership positions – 65 questionnaires, operating personnel – 45 questionnaires. By utilizing the Cronbach Alpha test, a correlation matrix, the KMO and Bartlett test, a functional analysis, we have validated the viability, the relevance of the items, the existence of a correlation between them, the construction of synthetic variables, thus demonstrating the presence of 4 types of organizational cultures within the Romanian textile industry.
Keywords: organizational culture, types of organizational culture, Power Type, Task Type, Role Type, Person Type, correlation matrix, Cronbach Alpha test, KMO and Bartlett test

Citation: Năstase, M., Burlacu, S., Matis, C., Cristache, N., Roja, A., Coroban, L., Cristescu, I., Perspectives regarding the organizational culture within the Romanian textile industry, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 1, 73–80,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.01.1778

Full text PDF
Export citation and abstract       BibTeX     RIS

Article: Improving the perspectives on quality of life for adolescents with cerebral palsy by medical textile

Authors: CORINA SPOREA, MARGARETA STELA FLORESCU, OLGUTA ANCA ORZAN, IOAN CRISTESCU
Pages 81-90 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.01.1779
Published online: February 2020

Abstract

The quality of life (QoL) can be defined as the individual’s perception of his own existence, both from the point of view of the physical integrity of the body’s structures and of functionality too, as well as of the activity, respectively the capability of performing tasks, and of the participation, regarded as the involvement in the life situations. From a medical perspective, the quality of life assessment is an indicator that provides important information, closely related to the improvement of the health status and the effectiveness of the therapeutic-rehabilitative interventions. The textile sector by research-development activities and by its numerous projects and accomplishments in the biomaterials, biotechnologies and medical device, showed a steady focus, in close relation to the medical field, on disabled persons’ quality of life and on the facilitation of their social and professional integration. The aim of rehabilitative interventions is to obtain the best possible physical and mental health, allowing each patient to build social relationships with family and community and, on the other hand, to acquire professional skills for being able to find a suitable job which will improve his wellbeing and quality of life. This paper presents how adolescents with cerebral palsy and their parents/caregivers perceive the quality of life of the adolescent taking into consideration the activity limitations and the participation restrictions. The results of the study showed the existence of discrepancies between adolescents’ and parents’ reports regarding the QoL, with adolescents’ reporting a higher QoL than did their parents. Optimism and positive thinking can be seen as augmentation factors of the therapeutic interventions’ effects by increasing the adolescent’s involvement in the rehabilitation process, having as direct benefit early and better results.
Keywords: health, education, participation, social inclusion, wellbeing

Citation: Sporea, C., Florescu, M.S., Orzan, O.A., Cristescu, I., Improving the perspectives on quality of life for adolescents with cerebral palsy by medical textile, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 1, 81–90,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.01.1779

Full text PDF
Export citation and abstract       BibTeX     RIS

Article: Preliminary investigations of a textile fabric used as support for a sarcophagus from Astra Sibiu Museum

Authors: IRINA-MARIANA SĂNDULACHE, ELENA-CORNELIA MITRAN, LUCIA-OANA SECĂREANU, OVIDIU-GEORGE IORDACHE, ELENA PERDUM, IULIA TEODORESCU, ANDREA BERNATH
Pages 91-95 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.071.01.1622
Published online: February 2020

Abstract

Historical textiles are fragile and more prone to damage. Regarding this inconvenience, heritage sample analyzes are quite difficult to achieve primarily due to fiber degradation, secondly due to the complex composition (the samples can also contain metallic threads or some other components) and last, but not least, because of the microbiological degradation. The samples evaluated in this paper were used as support for a wooden sarcophagus containing an Egyptian mummy which is estimated to be over 2000 years old. The purpose of this work was to carry out a preliminary characterization of the samples, using minimally invasive techniques. Thus, two types of methods were used: SEM evaluation and microbiological assessment. SEM analysis revealed that the constituent fibers for all the samples are natural fibers of animal origin: wool and alpaca fibers. SEM also provided information about the surface of the fibers and more than that, by using this equipment it was possible to visualize the degree of degradation most likely caused by the attack of insects and different types of fungi and bacteria. Bioburden isolation from the archaeological samples highlighted that the highest bioburden load was registered by sample B, followed by sample C and sample A. After the screening it was concluded that all samples present both filamentous fungi specific structures and bacteria specific structures. The future studies will be directed towards obtaining more information by micro- or non-destructive methods.
Keywords: SEM, microbiological assessment, wool, alpaca, Egyptian mummy

Citation: Săndulache, I.-M., Mitran, E.-C., Secăreanu, L.-O., Iordache, O.-G., Perdum, E., Teodorescu, I., Andrea Bernath3, Preliminary investigations of a textile fabric used as support for a sarcophagus from Astra Sibiu Museum, In: Industria Textila, 2020, 71, 1, 91–95,  http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.071.01.1622

Full text PDF
Export citation and abstract       BibTeX     RIS

© Copyright 2020 INCDTP