Issue 5 / 2022

Inner covers

Article: Research on experiment teaching of anthropometry and virtual clothing design based on Gagné information processing theory

Authors: LILI CHEN, YAN HONG, WEN YANG, CHUAN JIANG, YUMING ZHANG
Pages: 471–478
DOI: 10.35530/IT.073.05.202189
Published online: October 2022

Abstract

With the promotion of education informatization in colleges and universities, virtual simulation technology is increasingly used in experimental teaching. In the teaching of fashion-related majors, virtual simulation technology can help students quickly and efficiently understand design theories, which are difficult for them to understand. However, due to the complexity of the virtual simulation experiment, it is difficult for students to master all the techniques required for the operation of the experimental system in a short time. In traditional teaching, students passively accept knowledge taught by the teacher and follow the teacher's operation, thereby affecting the learning effect. Such teaching and learning process cannot fully functionalize students' sensory system coding, and therefore cannot form long-term memory. To optimize the application of virtual simulation technology in the teaching of fashion-related majors, this paper proposes a clothing virtual simulation experimental teaching method based on Gagné information processing theory. To verify its effectiveness, anthropometry and virtual clothing design experiment was adopted as the research object. Two groups of students were involved in the experiments. One group was taught traditionally while another group was taught by the Gagné information processing mode. Through a set of learning and teaching process evaluation, experiment results demonstrated that Gagné information processing mode can effectively help students to fine-process the knowledge they have learned, so that important information can be extracted and encoded to form long-term memory. This paper provides support for future Gagné information processing theory in the teaching of virtual simulation courses and exercises.
Keywords: information processing mode of Gagné, virtual simulation, virtual clothing design, exercise teaching, control experiment

Citation: Chen, L., Hong, Y., Yang, W., Jiang, C., Lou, L., Research on experiment teaching of anthropometry and virtual clothing design based on Gagné information processing theory, In: Industria Textila, 2022, 73, 5, 471–478,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.073.05.202189

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Article: Influence of rotor structure and process parameters on polyethylene oxide (PEO) nanofibers produced through centrifugal

Authors: TAYYAB NAVEED, AHMED AIJAZ BABAR, BABAR MUHAMMAD RAMZAN, AWAIS MUHAMMAD NAEEM, MUHAMMAD AWAIS, FAIZA ANWAR, AHMAD FRAZ, MUDASSAR ABBAS
Pages 479–491 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.073.05.202134
Published online: October 2022

Abstract

The application of new tools and equipment in conventional spinning has increased with the advancements in operations, handling and optimal yarn production. For example, in the centrifugal electrospinning process (CESP), the rotor is assembled for its high-speed production. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to introduce a new rotor design with a triangular groove structure and to investigate its influence on the fast industrial manufacturing of polyethylene oxide (PEO) nanofibers. In addition, electric voltage (45 kV, 55 kV, 65 kV), concentrations of the spinning solution of PEO polymer (6 wt. %, 7 wt. % and 8 wt. %) and the flow rate of the spinning solution were analysed at different levels (45 ml/h, 55 ml/h, 65 ml/h). The subsequent PEO nanofibers were characterized through a scanning electron microscope (FESEM). It was observed that the diameter of PEO nanofibers changed with the variation in voltage, concentration and flow rate. The results revealed the best and uniform fibre diameter dimension at 65 kV, with an 8 wt.% solution concentration and flow rate of 55 ml/h. The outcomes also implied that the proposed triangular groove rotor was an efficient approach for the improvement in the nano fibres with its high uniformity as compared to the conventional structure (rectangular rotor structure).
Keywords: centrifugal electrospinning, polyethylene oxide, nano-fibres, rotor, yarn

Citation: Naveed, T., Babar, A.A., Ramzan, B.M., Naeem, A.M., Awais, M., Anwar, F., Fraz, A., Abbas, M., Influence of rotor structure and process parameters on polyethylene oxide (PEO) nanofibers produced through centrifugal, In: Industria Textila, 2022, 73, 5, 479–491,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.073.05.202134

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Article: The impact of OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) Aid Commitments for Education on Human Development in Asian Countries and its implications for textile industry

Authors: DURDANA QAISER GILLANI, MUHAMMAD ZAHID NAEEM, CRISTI SPULBAR, ABDULLAH EJAZ, RAMONA BIRAU, LUCIAN CLAUDIU ANGHEL, ION FLORESCU
Pages 492–500 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.073.05.202184
Published online: October 2022

Abstract

Education and health are considered a cornerstone for obtaining targeted development in any society. Moreover, both sectors promote prosperity greatly. In this changeable epoch, people are thought out as the real wealth of any nation and this wealth with good human capital serves the economy very efficiently and productively. This research study aims to analyse how Development Assistance Committee (DAC) aid commitment for education along with institutional quality is effective for the human development of selected Asian economies. A panel data set over 2011–2018 is used for this analysis in Asian countries. GMM results show a significant and positive relationship between aid commitment for education and the human development of these economies. A more interesting result is that financial development seems to boost up human deployment in the selected Asian economies. The development of the textile industry is significantly influenced by education, especially considering the effects of OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) Aid Commitments for education on human development in Asian countries. There is a dire need to reconsider more allocation of resources and aid to education and health to utilize these inflows at the maximum level for targeted development.
Keywords: Aid Commitment for education, financial development, industrialization, institutional quality, emerging economy, human development, textile industry, sustainable development

Citation: Gillani, D.Q., Naeem, M.Z., Spulbar, C., Ejaz, A., Birau, R., Anghel, L.C., Florescu, I., The impact of OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) Aid Commitments for Education on Human Development in Asian Countries and its implications for textile industry, In: Industria Textila, 2022, 73, 5, 492–500,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.073.05.202184


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Article: Environmentally friendly digital printing on cotton using, synthesized pigmented inkjet inks and comparison of their properties

Authors: HAYAT MUHAMMAD AKHTAR, GULZAR TAHSIN, HUSSAIN TANVEER, FAROOQ TAHIR
Pages 501-510 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.073.05.202181
Published online: October 2022

Abstract

The “top-down” approach was adopted to manufacture nano inkjet inks. Pigment Black 7 and Pigment Red 122 both 100% dried powders were used. The premix of these two pigments was subjected to bead milling to reduce the particle size to the nano-scale. The inkjet inks prepared were characterized for their particle size, zeta potential, purity, viscosity, surface tension, foaming properties, and pH using required analysis and spectroscopy techniques. Both inkjet inks were applied digitally on pre-treated cotton. The printing was performed on a Monna Lisa Evo Tre printer (EPSON). The printed samples were evaluated for colour fastness to light, rubbing, washing, and laundering using relevant AATCC and ISO methods. The powders of the same colour index numbers were kneaded and emulsified by a traditional ball milling method. Emulsions prepared were characterized and applied on singed, desized, scoured, bleached, and pre-treated pure cotton through a traditional rotary screen-printing method. The printed samples were evaluated for their application fastness properties for comparative studies. It was concluded that by promoting the use of green chemistry and nanotechnology, the digitally printed fabric samples displayed better print quality, increased application fastness properties and good colour gamut as compared to traditionally printed fabric samples. Moreover, the new digital printing process resulted in reduced chemical, energy and water consumption along with socio-economic, environmentally friendly effectiveness, with almost zero waste production as compared to the traditional printing method.
Keywords: bead mill, cotton, digital particle size analyser, inkjet inks, Monna Lisa Evo TRE printer, pigments

Citation: Akhtar, H.M., Tahsin, G., Tanveer, H., Tahir, F., Environmentally friendly digital printing on cotton using, synthesized pigmented inkjet inks and comparison of their properties, In: Industria Textila, 2022, 73, 5, 501-510,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.073.05.202181

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Article: Classification and recognition of young males’ waist-abdomen-hip shape based on body photos

Authors: KAI-YI XU, JIAN ZHANG, SONG-LING ZHAO, RUO-WEN WANG, BING-FEI GU
Pages 511–518 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.073.05.202160
Published online: October 2022

Abstract

To improve somatotype and realize rapid customization of clothing, this study proposed a body-shape recognition method based on the front and side body photos. The shape parameters such as angles, heights, lengths, and ratios at the waist-abdomen-hip position were measured or calculated based on the manual and three-dimensional (3D) point cloud data of 180 young men. Through analysis, four morphological parameters were determined to classify the waist-abdomen-hip shape and establish the classification rules of the four body types (fat, normal, forward fat and obese). Finally, according to the front and side photos of the human body, the orthogonal silhouettes were extracted to obtain the four parameters that can be used to distinguish the waist-abdomen-hip body shape of young men, and the photo-based recognition method of the waist-abdomen-hip body shape could be realized automatically. The verification results showed that the recognition accuracy ratio reaches 93.3%, indicating that the waist-abdomen-hip shape identification system using this body-shape recognition method based on body photos is effective and can provide a basis for personalized clothing customization to satisfy the individual needs of the consumers.
Keywords: waist-abdomen-hip shape, somatotype method, discriminant rules, size extraction, body photos

Citation: Xu, K.-Y., Zhang, J., Zhao, S.-L., Wang, S.-L., Gu, B.-F., Classification and recognition of young males’ waist-abdomen-hip shape based on body photos, In: Industria Textila, 2022, 73, 5, 511–518,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.073.05.202160

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Article: Sensory analysis and Principal Component Analysis: a sustainable approach for quality control of stretch denim fabrics

Authors: RODICA HARPA, CRISTINA PIROI, IRINA CRISTIAN, MIRELA BLAGA
Pages 519-529 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.073.05.202130
Published online: October 2022

Abstract

This study proposes a simplified approach to optimise the portfolio of denim manufacturers by reducing the cost of unattractive or undifferentiated assortments for future consumers based on their ability to perceive and discriminate sensory comfort. A key factor in a successful textile value chain is end consumers, who can be considered naive evaluators when it comes to sensory analysis, as they tend to touch apparel fabrics to perceive the sensory comfort they feel when wearing them. In this context, 16 naive assessors were recruited to quantitatively characterise six bipolar sensory attributes as hand descriptors of an assortment of five washed stretch denim fabrics based on tactile properties. Statistical analysis of the extensive data was performed using the multivariate technique PCA. Two principal components that explained 70.46% to 76.67% of the total observed variance for the five washed denim fabrics provided an adequate summary of the sensory data reported, so relationships between sensory attributes as hand descriptors and ratings given by the 16 untrained assessors were examined. Statistical tests showed that all six bipolar attributes were important for sensory analysis and that inter-rater agreement was low. However, considering the sensory perception of the untrained evaluators (i.e., consumers), it was concluded that four of the five washed stretch denim fabrics could be an option for product portfolio diversification. Thus, from a strategic and sustainability perspective, PCA for sensory analysis may be helpful in the quality control of washed stretch denim.
Keywords: stretch denim, sensory analysis, fabric hand, assessors, PCA, quality control, sustainability

Citation: Harpa, R., Piroi, C., Cristian, I., Blaga, M., Sensory analysis and Principal Component Analysis: a sustainable approach for quality control of stretch denim fabrics, In: Industria Textila, 2022, 73, 5, 519-529,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.073.05.202130

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Article: Collar style design of women's suit based on Kansei engineering

Authors: XIAONING LI, KAIXUAN LIU, CHU ZHU, ZHAO LV
Pages 530-536 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.073.05.202186
Published online: October 2022

Abstract

To understand the influence of flat collar, closure collar, and shawl collar on the perceptual impression of women's suits, 12 pairs of adjectives used to describe the collar type of suits were determined by using the method of perceptual engineering and semantic difference. With the help of virtual fitting technology, 22 kinds of suit simulation pictures were drawn. Through the questionnaire survey, this paper studied the perceptual evaluation of different collar types of women's suits and then used the mean statistics and corresponding factor analysis to process the survey data. The results show that 1) the factors of stability, elegance, and style have influenced the collar design of women's suits; 2) different collars brought consumers different emotional feelings, for example, the shawl collar was simple and soft, the flat collar was professional, closure collar was elegant. The results can be used to guide the design of the female suit collar.
Keywords: 3D simulation, collar type, Kansei Engineering, Kansei Evaluation, women's suit

Citation: Li, X., Liu, K., Zhu, C., Lv, Z., Collar style design of women's suit based on Kansei engineering, In: Industria Textila, 2022, 73, 5, 530-536,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.073.05.202186

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Article: Reduction of non-conforming through statistical process control charts in textile industry

Authors: SAAD MUHAMMAD, IDREES MUHAMMAD DAWOOD, ANSARI ARSALAN, SAMI ABDUL, RAUF MUHAMMAD, JAMIL ATIF
Pages 537–543 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.073.05.202166
Published online: October 2022

Abstract

The textile industry of Pakistan is a growing sector that contributes to the economy. Pakistan exports depend heavily upon textile goods. A minor defect in the finished good can cause a major loss of the export goods. Due to the involving the number of workers checking the product repeatedly can be very expensive therefore the quality engineering techniques of Statistical Control Charts are used in the textile industry. This research study aims at developing process control charts for the textile industry in Pakistan. For this purpose, the textile industry was taken into consideration. P-chart was developed to monitor the variation in the process with a Six Sigma standard deviation. The collection of data was for six months from various departments of the textile industry. The attribute data were collected for the analysis from 4 different units of the industry. The construction of the P-Chart includes the Control Limits (CL), Upper Control Limits (UCL), 3 sigma deviations from the mean Control Limit (CL), Lower Control Limits (LCL), –3 sigma deviation from the mean Control Limit (CL). The result showed that the processes of the production units were under control, however, the mean was not centred which was due to some common cause of the process which is acceptable. The P-chart can serve as a standard for the new process to be developed.
Keywords: statistical process control, attribute charts, process monitoring, Control Limits, Six Sigma

Citation: Muhammad, S., Dawood, I.M., Arsalan, A., Abdul, S., Muhammad, R., Atif, J., Reduction of non-conforming through statistical process control charts in textile industry, In: Industria Textila, 2022, 73, 5, 537–543,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.073.05.202166

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Article: Effect of wearing and washing temperature on the performance of compression socks

Author: ENGIN AKÇAGÜN
Pages 544-553 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.073.05.202194
Published online: October 2022

Abstract

Compression socks regulate blood flow in venous systems and are used for therapeutic purposes. The present study, it was aimed to analyse the influence of multiple levels of wearing and washing temperature on compression pressure. 9 pieces of compression socks samples with 3 different combinations (with different polyamide/ elastane body and inlaid yarn) were developed using compression socks knitting machine with a 1×1 laid in, 1×1 knit-miss structure. After the production of the samples, to simulate the “wearing and washing effect” a test protocol was designed. Compression pressure values were measured by using MST Professional II Medical Stocking Tester in different phases and results were evaluated statistically. The results show that when compression socks are worn for 15 days and washed 5 times, their compression pressure and graduation values change. After wearing compression socks on wooden leg pressure values shows a slight decrease due to a long period of stretching. In addition, after wearing and washing cycles it is seen that the pressure values increase as the washing temperature increases. 50˚C results show the highest increase at compression pressure. Statistical results show a correlation between temperature and compression pressure. Many researches were carried out on the production factors of compression socks, however, there are very few research studies on the usage performance of socks. The study contains results for both the literature and the producers/end users.
Keywords: compression socks, washing of compression socks, pressure

Citation: Akçagün, E., Effect of wearing and washing temperature on the performance of compression socks, In: Industria Textila, 2022, 73, 5, 544-553,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.073.05.202194

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Article: The effect of loop length, yarn twist and dyeing process on seam strength of knitted fabrics

Authors: ESRA ZEYNEP YILDIZ, GÜLŞAH PAMUK
Pages 554-559 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.073.05.202174
Published online: October 2022

Abstract

Seam strength is a key factor both in terms of aesthetics and the life of the apparel. There are many factors affecting seam strength, some of which are relevant to fabric construction and treatment, and the others are about sewing thread and sewing parameters. This research paper focuses on the effects of fabric construction, sewing parameters and the dyeing process on the seam strength of knitted fabrics. For this purpose, seven single jersey knitted fabrics were produced, differing in loop length and yarn twist. The samples were dyed and then sewn with different sewing parameters. The seam strength values were calculated and statistically evaluated. The results showed that fabric construction, sewing thread type and count, stitch density and dyeing process profoundly influence the seam strength of single jersey fabrics. When comparing the effects of dyeing, it was found that dyeing leads to a decrease in seam strength values.
Keywords: seam, seam strength, knitted fabric, loop length, yarn twist, dyeing

Citation: Yildiz, E.Z., Pamuk, G., The effect of loop length, yarn twist and dyeing process on seam strength of knitted fabrics, In: Industria Textila, 2022, 73, 5, 554-559,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.073.05.202174

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Article: Investigating the impact of normal and abnormal loss factors in garment industry: A case study based on a jeans manufacturer in India

Authors: SAHANA BHAT, K. ABHAYA KUMAR, CRISTI SPULBAR, RAMONA BIRAU, PRAKASH PINTO, IQBAL THONSE HAWALDAR, CRISTIAN REBEGEA
Pages 560–563 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.073.05.202188
Published online: October 2022

Abstract

This study aimed to analyse the normal and abnormal loss of a jeans manufacturing company in India. Personal interview and observation method are used in this study. Abnormal loss in quantity and rupee value is computed for 40 days of production based on the observed data. Mean abnormal losses are computed and one sample t-test is applied to test the hypotheses that the mean abnormal loss is not equal to zero. The study revealed that a normal loss of 3 to 5% is expected in any garment manufacturing company due to loss during the cutting and shrinkage process. The p-values of one sample t-test were less than 0.05 for all the tested hypotheses, hence, all the null hypotheses (H01 to H05 mean abnormal losses equal to zero) were rejected. Further, it was found that fabric is the big contributor in terms of abnormal loss. Hence, proper training for workers and recruiting of trained workers are advised to reduce abnormal losses.
Keywords: jeans manufacturing, textile industry, abnormal losses, normal losses, garment, apparel, volatility, financial performance

Citation: Bhat, S., Kumar, K.A., Spulbar, C., Birau, R., Pinto, P., Hawaldar, I.T., Rebegea, C., Investigating the impact of normal and abnormal loss factors in garment industry: A case study based on a jeans manufacturer in India, In: Industria Textila, 2022, 73, 5, 560–563,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.073.05.202188

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Article: Determining the optimal product mix in multiple constraints manufacturing environment: an application in the textile industry

Authors: AKMAN GULSEN, TAPSAHANOGLU SAIME
Pages 564–573 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.073.05.202125
Published online: October 2022

Abstract

Theory of constraints (TOC) is an approach to production planning and control by focusing on the constraints of an organization to increase throughput by effectively managing constraints. TOC approach has been applied in many sectors, and efficient results have been taken. One of the application areas of TOC is product mix decisions. Product mix decisions are important for multi-product manufacturing systems because they affect the performance measures of the companies. This study aims to present how TOC is applied to determine the optimum product mix in a multipleconstraint environment in the textile industry. To achieve this, we first select three basic products of a textile company and examine the production processes of these products from TOC perspective. Next, we perform a bottleneck process and identify three bottlenecks for the problem. Then, based on our bottleneck process results, we generate three scenarios. Upon assessing these scenarios, we determine the most appropriate product mix by implementing the TOC approach. Finally, we employ a goal programming approach to solve the product mix problem and compare its results with those obtained by the TOC.
Keywords: theory of constraints, product mix, multiple constraints, goal programming, textile industry, Turkey

Citation: Gulsen, A., Saime, T., Determining the optimal product mix in multiple constraints manufacturing environment: an application in the textile industry, In: Industria Textila, 2022, 73, 5, 564–573,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.073.05.202125

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Article: Classic suturing materials overview

Authors: ALEXANDRU-FLORIN SĂVULESCU, CRISTIAN CÎRLAN, FLORIN-CRISTIAN BLĂJUȚ, MIHAI IORDACHE, MĂDĂLINA-IONELA IORDACHE-PETRESCU, ALEXANDRA-BIANCA IONESCU, CRISTIAN LUTENCU, LUCIAN POPA
Pages 574–579 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.073.05.202211
Published online: October 2022

Abstract

Sutures are used in surgery to approximate wounds for the healing purpose after injury or elective interventions or for hemostasis ligation. During the millennial evolution of sutures, natural fibres have been almost completely replaced by synthetic materials. Experience from the last years has shown that silk and catgut chromium threads are natural fibres still used in surgical theatres, but they might have registered a decrease in preferences due to inflammatory response. Despite the continuous improvement in this field, there is not a perfect universal suture affordable and right for every patient. There are rare, but possible complications such as local irritation, foreign body response, granulomas or fistulas. Various studies conducted over time, some presented in this paper, have shown that actual surgical threads are safe and taking into account the indications, we should obtain maximum results with minimum adverse reactions. An ideal combination of delayed absorption and elasticity allows a tension-free closure and supports the healing process of most tissues and makes the surgical thread a preferred option for surgeons. The purpose of this article is to overview the suturing materials and to optimise surgical techniques by increasing the benefits of each suture material with minimal adverse reactions.
Keywords: natural fibres, synthetic sutures, absorption, monofilament, multifilament, tissular response

Citation: Săvulescu, A.-F., Cîrlan, C., Blăjuț, F.-C., Iordache, M., Iordache-Petrescu, M.-I., Ionescu, A.-B., Lutencu, C., Popa, L., Classic suturing materials overview, In: Industria Textila, 2022, 73, 5, 574–579,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.073.05.202211

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Article: The effect of calcium carbonate content and particle size on the mechanical and morphological properties of a PVC foamed layer used for coated textiles

Authors: STAMBOULI MOUNA, CHAOUCH WALID, GARGOUBI SONDES, ZOUARI RIADH, EMILIA VISILEANU, MSAHLI SLAH
Pages 580-586 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.073.05.202267
Published online: October 2022

Abstract

Due to recent developments in composite formulations and coating technology, polyvinyl chloride (PVC)-coated textiles are becoming increasingly popular in the textile industry. The most critical properties of PVC-coated textiles are their mechanical characteristics and morphological properties because they control their cost well. This study focuses on the impact of filler diameter and content on the mechanical properties of the PVC foam layer used for coated textiles stuffed with calcium carbonate (CaCO3). The mechanical properties of the PVC foamed layer (breaking load, tearing strength and elongation at break) were studied. The applied contents were found to significantly influence the mechanical properties of the PVC foamed layer. The addition of CaCO3 fillers improved their mechanical properties. The results also showed that mechanical properties were enhanced using calcium carbonate with different particle sizes; the smallest particle size gave the highest mechanical resistance. The morphology of the different samples showed that the employment of calcium carbonate increases foam formation. A higher CaCO3 content can deteriorate the PVC foam layer structure. Using a small filler particle diameter decreased pore sizes and ameliorated the regularity in pore size distribution.
Keywords: coated fabric, filler, coating, PVC, CaCO3, content, particle size

Citation: Mouna, S., Walid, C., Sondes, G., Riadh, Z., Visileanu, E., Slah, M., The effect of calcium carbonate content and particle size on the mechanical and morphological properties of a PVC foamed layer used for coated textiles, In: Industria Textila, 2022, 73, 5, 580-586,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.073.05.202267

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Article: Analysis of green consumer behaviour towards the intention to purchase upcycled fashion products

Authors: IONICA ONCIOIU, ANA MARIA IFRIM
Pages 587–591 
DOI: 10.35530/IT.073.05.202283
Published online: October 2022

Abstract

In recent years, the emergence of online platforms specializing in upcycling fashion marketing has provided affordable markets in line with the changing expectations of environmentally conscious consumers. This research applies questionnaires to collect data on consumers' intentions to purchase upcycling fashion products and aims to identify consumers' green behaviour. The results showed that there is a growing awareness among all generations of respondents about the use of upcycled fashion products and revealed that social influence, attitude, perceived risk, environmental concern, and usefulness have a significant positive impact on consumer purchase intention towards these products. This research can help the upcycling fashion business in Romania figure out how green consumer behaviour can improve the flexibility of specialized online platforms so that marketing strategies can be made.
Keywords: circular economy, sustainability, textile waste, recycling, purchase behaviour

Citation: Oncioiu, I., Ifrim, A.M., Analysis of green consumer behaviour towards the intention to purchase upcycled fashion products, In: Industria Textila, 2022, 73, 5, 587–591,   http://doi.org/10.35530/IT.073.05.202283

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